columnstore-index

Details about column based indexes in SQL Server

Columnstore indexes vs indexed views

Columnstore indexes Indexed views
It didn't require Enterprise Edition in SQL Server 2016 SP1+ Limited usage in non-Enterprise Editions
No session setting requirements Requires certain session settings set on
A lot less storage required More storage required
Less administrative overhead / maintenance More administrative overhead / maintenance
Not able to to inserts/updates prior to SQL Server 2014 Most costly to maintain during inserts/updates
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